Items filtered by date: Tuesday, 23 July 2019
Tuesday, 23 July 2019 14:18

Manchester United fall on Forbes list

Manchester United are now down from second to sixth on the list of the world’s most valuable sports teams.

The Red Devils have tumbled four spots and are now behind Clasico giants Real Madrid (third) and Barcelona (fourth) who have retained their respective positions from 2018.

NFL side Dallas Cowboys have retained their place at No.1 for the fourth successive year with a value of $5billion.

Legendary baseball side New York Yankees ($4.6b) are second with basketball team New York Knicks ($4b) completing the top five behind Real ($4.24b) and Barca ($4.02b).

Five other football teams in the top 50 are; Bayern Munich (17th), Manchester City (25th), Chelsea (32nd), Arsenal (42nd) and Liverpool (45th).

More than half of the top 50 most valuable sports teams are from the NFL while NBA boasts nine sides in the list.

Published in World
Mohammed Saud, a media activist from Saudi Arabia was attacked by Palestinians while visiting the Temple Mount, or Noble Sanctuary, in Jerusalem on Tuesday.
 
The man was visiting Israel as part of a delegation of six Arab journalists and media activists, hosted by the Israeli Foreign Ministry.
 
The Arab and Middle Eastern Journalists Association on Monday condemned the group for normalizing relations with Israel.
 
Videos posted to social media and on Al Jazeera show the Saudi activist being harassed, cursed at and spat on during his visit to the holy site in Jerusalem.
 
People also threw chairs at him in the Old City market.
 
The Temple Mount/Noble Sanctuary is the focal point of religious tensions in Jerusalem, holy to both Jews and Muslims.
 
In a video trending online, the people can be seen shouting at him in Arabic.
 
“Go pray in your Knesset (Israeli parliament) and not here,” “shame on you” and “Al Aqsa (mosque) does not receive people like you.”
 
Foreign ministry spokesman, Nizar Amer, in a statement condemned the action taken by the people.
 
“We strongly condemn the brutal and immoral behaviour by some Palestinians near al Aqsa Mosque towards the Saudi media activist who came to Jerusalem to be a bridge to peace and understanding between peoples.”
 
“Those (people) are horribly exploiting the holy places as a political tool. We embrace the young man who was and will remain a guest of honour in Israel,” he added.
 
Israel has no diplomatic relations with Iraq or Saudi Arabia. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has repeatedly said that behind the scenes there is a growing rapprochement between Israel and several Arab states.
Published in World
The United Nations on Monday said nearly 40,000 more people had been forced to flee to Nigeria by worsening humanitarian situation in north-west and south-west regions of Cameroon.
 
Briefing UN correspondents in New York on Monday, a spokesman of the organisation, Mr Farhan Haq, said 530,000 others had been internally displaced.
 
No fewer than 1.3 million people are now in need of assistance, Haq said, adding that the situation “continues to be characterised by human rights and protection abuses and violations”.
 
The conflict started in 2016 when separatists launched an armed struggle for a breakaway state they call Ambazonia.
 
Government forces have responded strongly, leading to accusations of extra-judicial killings and burning of villages.
 
But recently, there has been a focus on abuses allegedly committed by the many separatist groups too, including kidnappings, according to the BBC.
 
Haq said at Monday’s briefing that 2,800 protection violation incidents had been reported in the first six months of this year.
 
“House destruction and child protection violations are those reported in greatest numbers.
 
“Meanwhile, in the far north of Cameroon, attacks by non-State armed groups against villages have intensified since the beginning of the year, leading to new displacements.
 
“Around 1,300 people were reportedly being displaced last week alone.
 
“Attacks also resulted in dozens of civilian deaths, hundreds of houses set ablaze, and widespread looting of civilian goods,” he said.
 
The UN spokesman said the response in Cameroon remained one of the most “critically underfunded humanitarian responses globally” in spite of increased humanitarian needs.
 
According to him, only 20 per cent of the 300 million dollars requested by the humanitarian community this year has been received
Published in World
Boris Johnson has been elected leader of Britain’s ruling Conservative Party after defeating his rival, Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt.
 
Johnson won 92,000 votes and Hunt 46,000.
 
The former Mayor of London, famous for his mop of blonde hair and political and linguistic gaffes, will replace Theresa May as prime minister on Wednesday.
 
He has promised Tory members he would deliver Brexit before 31 October, despite a seemingly interminable stalemate in Parliament.
 
Published in World

Isaias was 16 when he escaped from Sa’wa, the military training camp for final-year high school students in Eritrea. His parents came to know of his whereabouts only a few weeks after. From Sudan he tried to cross the Sinai to reach Israel. But he was kidnapped by bandits. His family paid a high ransom to save him.

Isaias returned to Addis Ababa, the capital of neighbouring Ethiopia, where I met him when he was 17. His family was supporting him financially and wanted him to remain there. But Isaias had different plans. A few months later he disappeared. As I was later to learn, he had successfully crossed from Libya into Europe.

This young man is part of a worrying statistic. Since around 2010, the flow of unaccompanied minors from Eritrea has significantly increased and has become the subject of international concern. In 2015, over 5000 unaccompanied minors from Eritrea sought asylum in Europe according to the Mixed Migration Centre. In 2018, the number was 3500.

Minors are only part of a wider exodus that involves mostly Eritreans in their twenties and thirties. The UN refugee agency calculates that at the end of 2018 there were over 500 000 Eritrean refugees worldwide – a high number for a country of around 5 million people.

Initially driven by a simmering border conflict with Ethiopia, this mass migration continues to be fuelled by a lack of political, religious and social freedom. In addition, there are little economic prospects in the country.

And generations of young people have been trapped in a indefinite mandatory national service. They serve in the army or in schools, hospitals and public offices, irrespective of their aspirations, with little remuneration. Even though Ethiopia and Eritrea have struck a deal to end their border conflict, there is no debate over the indefinite nature of the national service.

Brought up in a context where migration represents the main route out of generational and socio-economic immobility, most young Eritreans I met decided to leave. While unaccompanied minors are usually depicted as passively accepting their families’ decisions, my research illustrates their active role in choosing whether and when to migrate.

I explored the negotiations that take place between young migrants and their families as they consider departing and undertaking arduous journeys. But the crucial role of agency shouldn’t be equated to a lack of vulnerability. Vulnerability, in fact, defines their condition as young people in Eritrea and is likely to grow due to the hardships of the journey.

Context of protracted crisis

Young Eritreans often migrate without their family’s approval.

Families are aware that the country can’t offer their children a future. Nevertheless, parents are reticent about encouraging their children to take a risky path, a decision that can lead to death at sea or at the hand of bandits.

Young Eritreans keep their plans secret due to respect, or emotional care, towards their families. One 23-year-old woman who had crossed to Ethiopia a year before told me:

It is better not to make them worry for nothing: if you make it, then they can be happy for you; if you don’t make it, they will have time to be sad afterwards.

Adonay, another 26-year-old man, said:

If you tell them they might tell you not to do it, and then it would be harder to disobey. If they endorse your decision then they might feel responsible if something bad happens to you. It should be only your choice.

But that is not all. As a young woman told me,

The less they know the better it is in case the police come to the house asking questions about the flight.

Migration from Eritrea is mostly illegal and tightly controlled by the government, any connivance could be punished with fees or incarceration.

The journey

Eritrean border crossings are based on complicated power dynamics involving smugglers, smuggled refugees and their paying relatives, generally residing in Europe, US or the Middle East.

In this mix, smuggled refugees are far from being choice-less or the weak party.

Relatives are often scared of the dangers of border crossing through Libya to Europe. Moreover, some may not be able to mobilise the necessary funds. But young refugees have their ways to persuade them.

As payment to smugglers is typically made at the end in Libya and then after migrants have reached Italy, refugees embark on these journeys without telling their potential financial supporters in the diaspora. Once in Libya, they provide the smugglers with the telephone number of those who are expected to pay. This is an extremely risky gamble as migrants are betting on their relatives’ resources and willingness to help them.

Those who do not have close enough relatives abroad cannot gamble at all. Sometimes relatives struggle to raise the necessary amount and have to collect money from friends and larger community networks. Migrants then have to spend more time – and at times experience more violence and deprivation – in the warehouses where smugglers keep them in Libya. Migrants are held to hide them from authorities and ensure their fees are paid.

Even in these conditions, migrants don’t necessarily give up their agency. It has been argued that they,

temporarily surrender control at points during the journey, accepting momentary disempowerment to achieve larger strategic goals.

Moving beyond the common framing

Analysing the interactions between Eritrean families and their migrant children at different stages of their journeys can contribute to moving beyond the common framing of the “unaccompanied minor” characterised by an ambivalent depiction as either the victim or the bogus migrant.

These opposing and binary views of unaccompanied minors implicitly link deserving protection with ultimate victimhood devoid of choice. Instead, the stories of Eritreans show that vulnerability, at the outset and during the journey, does not exclude agency.The Conversation

 

Milena Belloni, Post-doctoral researcher, University of Trento

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Published in Opinion & Analysis
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